With the 2020 presidential election quickly approaching, voters are anxiously waiting to vote for their favored contender. President Donald Trump will be running against Democratic candidate and former Vice President, Joe Biden, as they both compete for the presidency in November. 

Recently, both Biden and Trump have released their foreign policies to the public and have each given their stances on conventions such as economic policy, immigration, trade, and counterterrorism.

Both candidates have a vast amount of experience when it comes to foreign policies. While serving two terms as vice president under Barack Obama, Joe Biden played a key role in administrative policies aimed towards Iraq, Afghanistan, Ukraine, and others. During his first term as president, Donald Trump took his campaign pledge of “placing America first” and used that to fuel his decisions in foreign policymaking. 

Now that both candidates updated their approach in each policy, we have gathered some key takeaways from some of their top programs. 

China 

Trump: 

  • Donald Trump suggested new tariffs and has floated incentives encouraging U.S. companies to move supply chains out of China. 
  • In July 2020, President Trump announced the end of Hong Kong’s preferential economic status; his administration also announced that it would reject nearly all Chinese territorial claims in the South China Sea. 
  • Trump has encouraged U.S. universities to end their stocks in China.
  • Trump has called out questionable accounting practices conducted by U.S. Chinese companies
  • Trump has closed the Houston consulate for spying, which led to the exposing of Chinese propaganda and evidence of China having surveillance of Americans. 
  • Trump will no longer invest federal retirement funds in Chinese stocks.

Biden: 

  • Joe Biden agrees with President Trump that China is breaking international trade rules, unfairly subsidizing Chinese companies, and discriminating against U.S. firms, although he agrees with Trump, he would rather target retaliation against China by using existing trade laws and building a united front of allies. 
  • Biden pledges to reinvigorate the United States as a Pacific power by increasing the U.S. naval presence in the Asia-Pacfic and hopes to deepen ties with countries such as Australia, Indonesia, Japan, and South Korea.
  • Biden believes that China’s detention of more than one million Muslims in the Xinjiang region is “unconscionable”. He will support sanctions against the individuals and companies involved, as well as a UN Security Council condemnation. 

Criminal Justice

Trump:

  •  President Trump is in support of the death penalty.
  • Trump plans to take serve measure towards child sex trafficking, pornography and the sites that have facilited these acts.
  • In 2018, Trump signed the First Step Act which has allowed almost 3,100 inmates to be released. Most of those who are released are either drug offenders or those who were arrested for weapons charges. 
  • Trump is in support of allowing states to legalize marijuana, but opposes the federal decriminalization of it. 

Biden:

  • Biden wants to reduce the number of people being incarcerated and reduce crime rates. He plans to create a new $20 billion grant program to help states move to prevention instead of incarceration. 
  • Biden wants to end the death penalty.
  • Joe Biden is in support of helping house all individuals who are released from prison.
  • Biden plans to end federally mandated minimum sentences.
  •  Biden is for ending the use of private prisons and cash bail. 

Climate and Energy 

Trump: 

  • President Trump has spearheaded regulation requirements to reduce methane emissions, factor carbon emissions into federal decision-making, and limit pollutants from fracking. 
  • Trump directed his Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to rescind the Obama-era Clean Power Plan; his budgets have instead proposed shifting federal regulation to the states, pushing the EPA to become an independent nonpartisan commission. 
  • Trump plans to help fund the clean up of national parks.
  •  Trump continues to reject the U.N. Agenda –– refusing any possibility of global tax.

Biden:

  • Joe Biden’s climate plan, known as “the Green Deal,” which advocates for a society-wide effort to reduce emissions, invest in infrastructure and create new jobs. 
  • In July 2020, Biden expanded on the plan by upping his budget proposal to more than $2 trillion in an effort to achieve a carbon-free electricity sector by 2035, invest in more low-income communities and communities of color, build clean infrastructure, and leverage the federal government to purchase zero-emissions vehicles. 
  • Biden seeks to place a ban worldwide on fossil fuel subsidies. 
  •  Joe Biden has promised by 2050 to have a completely clean energy economy and net-zero emissions. 
  • Biden will return to the Paris Climate Agreement, therefore bringing back funds to the Global Environment Facility and Intergovernmental Panel. 
  • Biden plans to focus on “climate and environmental justice” over a 10 years span by investing $1.7 trillion.

Healthcare

Trump: 

  • President Trump has promised to protect those who are living with pre-existing conditions.
  • Trump wants to lower the prices of prescription drugs. His steps towards this action would be by allowing abroad purchases.
  • Trump is in support of repealing the Affordable Care Act (ACA). He has already rescinded the individual mandate within the act. 
  • Trump is pro-life..
  • President Trump is in favor of expanding telehealth through Medicare payments and using Medicare incentives to help protect rural hospitals permanently.
  • Trump has allowed small businesses to come together in order to access insurance plans that are available to large employers.

Biden: 

  • Biden is pro-choice and seeks to restore federal funding to Planned Parenthood.
  • Biden wants to expand the ACA.
  • Expand health care to undocumented immigrants.
  • Expand Medicaid in states where the ACA is not accepted. 
  • Lower drug costs by creating a federal cap on prices. 
  • Broaden global vaccine programs. 
  • Prevent surprise billing by prohibiting out of network charges when patients don’t have control over the providers they can choose. 

Diplomacy and Foreign Aid 

Trump: 

  • Trump has withdrawn the United States from several major international agreements. These include: the Paris Agreement, the Iran nuclear deal, the Trans-Pacific partnership. 
  • President Trump’s budget proposals seek to cut foreign aid spending by nearly a third and direct it solely to U.S. allies. 

Biden:

  • Biden wants to convene all democratic nations in a “Summit for Democracy” to discuss three major areas: fighting corruption, defending against rising authoritarianism and advancing human rights. 
  • Joe Biden says he will make diplomacy the premier tool of U.S. foreign policy and will “rebuild” the State Department. 
  • Biden promises to recommit alliances and re-enter agreements, including restoring U.S. support for NATO and rejoining the Iran nuclear deal. 
  • He plans to strengthen alliances with Australia, Israel, Japan, and South Korea. 

Economic Policy 

Trump: 

  • President Trump has pushed broad deregulation across the economy, including in the energy, financial, health, infrastructure, and agricultural sectors. 
  • In March 2020, Trump signed a $2 trillion stimulus bill, the largest measure in U.S. history. 
  • Trump seeks to have apprenticeships that fund on-the-job training to help American workers afford educational training while working. 
  • Trump seeks to make large investments towards infrastructures.
  • Trump has already launched what he calls “opportunity zones” programs. Located in 8,766 suffering areas these programs have now collected $75 billion in private capital. 

Biden: 

  • Biden wants to raise corporate taxes and taxes on investments and other passive incomes. 
  • Joe Biden plans to increase middle-class benefits such as, the child tax credit. 
  • Biden wants to propose policies to strengthen worker leverage in the marketplace: banning non-compete rules, ending wage secrecy, and implementing a national $15 per hour minimum wage. 
  • Biden seeks to add racial equity to be included into the mandate of the Federal Reserve.

Immigration 

Trump: 

  • President Trump has sought to end Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), while it was blocked by the Supreme Court there is a possibility Trump will resubmit it.  
  • Trump has ended temporary protected status (TPS), a program that allows migrants from certain crisis-stricken nations to live in the United States for a limited period of time, for several countries. 
  • Trump plans to continue the build of the southern border wall.
  • Trump will continue to help with Central American asylum issues by forging cooperation agreements with regional countries. 

Biden: 

  • Biden wants to overturn policies that separate families at the border and prolong detentions. 
  • He vows to establish public-private networks. 
  • Biden wants to reverse Trump on temporary protected status (TPS) by restoring the immigration program for citizens of El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, and elsewhere. 

Trade

Trump: 

  • Trump has entered an escalating trade war with China, applying tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of Chinese goods in several stages, drawing Chinese retaliation. 
  • In 2018 he applied tariffs on steel and aluminum imports, which he argued were necessary to combat Chinese overproduction. He also applied tariffs on solar panels and washing machines. 
  • President Trump threatened to withdraw from the World Trade Organization (WTO) body over their handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Biden: 

  • Biden says that he would not sign any new trade that doesn’t include “major investments” in jobs and infrastructure, or that doesn’t include labor and environmental advocates in negotiations. 
  • Biden has expressed that Washington should help African countries develop by strengthening trade relationships and opening new markets for U.S. businesses.  

Written ByIsaiah Castaneda

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